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lload

retrieve long from local variable

Jasmin Syntax


    lload <varnum>
or
    wide
    lload <varnum>

In the first form, <varnum> is an unsigned integer in the range 0 to 0xFF. In the second (wide) form, <varnum> is an unsigned integer in the range 0 to 0xFFFE.

Stack

Before

After
...
result-word1

result-word2

...
Description

lload retrieves a long integer held in a local variable and pushes it onto the operand stack.

Since long integers are 64-bits wide, and each local variable only holds up to 32 bits, Java uses two consecutive local variables, <varnum> and <varnum> + 1 to store a long. So lload <varnum> actually places the values of both <varnum> and <varnum> + 1 onto the operand stack.

Both <varnum> and <varnum> + 1 must be valid local variable numbers in the current frame, and together they must be holding a long.

Remember that attempting to treat two-word values as two independent single-word values will produce a verification error. So trying to retrieve either <varnum> or <varnum> + 1 independently (e.g. using iload <varnum>) will produce a verification error. Similarly, if you store a non-long value in <varnum>, then <varnum> + 1 becomes invalidated until a new value is stored in it.

Example


lconst_1        ; push the long integer 1 onto the stack
lstore 3        ; pop 1 off of the stack and store in local variables 3 and 4
lload 3         ; push the value from local variables 3 and 4 (the long integer 1)
                ; back onto the stack
Bytecode

For local variable numbers in the range 0-255, use:

Type

Description
u1
lload opcode = 0x16 (22)
u1
<varnum>
There is also a wide format for this instruction, which supports access to all local variables from 0 to 65535:

Type

Description
u1
wide opcode = 0xC4 (196)
u1
lload opcode = 0x16 (22)
u2
<varnum>
See Also

fload, iload, dload


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Java Virtual Machine, by Jon Meyer and Troy Downing, O'Reilly Associates